Review Articles

Integration of the Heart Rhythmogenesis Levels: Heart Rhythm Generator in the Brain



We propose that along with the intracardiac pacemaker, a generator of cardiac rhythm exists in the central nervous system - in the efferent structures of the cardiovascular center of the medullar oblongata. Signals in the medulla oblongata arise as a result of the hierarchic interaction of the brain structures. Neural signals originating there in the form of bursts of impulses conduct to the heart along the vagus nerves and after interaction with cardiac pacemaker structures, cause generation of the cardiac pulse in exact accordance with the frequency of "neural bursts". The intrinsic cardiac rhythm generator (the sinus node) is a life-sustaining factor that maintains the heart pumping function when the central nervous system is in a stage of deep inhibition, (e.g., under anesthesia or during unconsciousness). The brain generator is the factor that provides heart adaptive reactions in behaving organism. The integration of the two levels of rhythmogenesis in the brain and heart provides reliability and functional perfection of the cardiac rhythm generation system in the whole organism.


Heart rhythmduplicated controlcardiorespiratory synchronizationheart rhythm generator in the brain
  • Year: 2006
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 2
  • Page/Article: 19-23
  • DOI: 10.14797/mdcvj.85
  • Published on 1 Jan 2006
  • Peer Reviewed