Methodist Journal

IN THIS ISSUE

Nutritional Supplements and the Heart

Vol 15, Issue 3 (2019)


FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

Dietary Supplements: Facts and Fallacies

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RECOGNITIONS

Drs. Raizner and Cooke Take the Lead in Special Issue on Supplements

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Recent Clinical Trials Shed New Light on the Cardiovascular Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Supplemental Vitamins and Minerals for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Treatment

Coenzyme Q10

Red Yeast Rice for Hypercholesterolemia

Inorganic Nitrate Supplementation for Cardiovascular Health

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplements: Helpful, Harmful, or Neutral for Cardiovascular Risk?

Cardiovascular Risk of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Advanced Cardiac Imaging for Complex Adult Congenital Heart Diseases

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Snoopy’s Heart: A Case of Complete Congenital Absence of the Pericardium

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

POINTS TO REMEMBER

The Kidney in Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease

EXCERPTA

Talking Statins with Antonio Gotto

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 11, Issue 3 (2015)

Article Full Text

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER

Quadricuspid Aortic Valve

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Article Citation:

Robert C. Schutt, Dimitrios Maragiannis, and Gopi Shah. Quadricuspid Aortic Valve. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal. September 2015, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 196.

doi: https://doi.org/10.14797/mdcj-11-3-196

Keywords
quadricuspid aortic valve , transesophogeal echocardiography

In 1973, Hurwitz and Roberts1 classified quadricuspid aortic valves as type A-G based on the morphology. Type A (equal cusps) and type B (3 equal cusps and 1 smaller cusp) were found to be the most commonly identified variants. Further typical findings include valve fibrosis (evident in panels B and D), poor coaptation, and a corpus arantii (the nodule at the free edge of each cusp, best seen on panel C). This valve anomaly is progressive, and most patients with quadricuspid aortic valve typically require surgical repair after age 50. Patients with this condition require close surveillance for progression of aortic regurgitation.

Figure 1. Transesophageal echocardiogram of a quadricuspid aortic valve during diastole (A and C) and systole (B and D).
References
1. Hurwitz LE, Roberts WC. Quadricuspid semilunar valve. Am J Cardiol. 1973 May;31(5):62326. [Crossref]

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