Methodist Journal

IN THIS ISSUE

Nutritional Supplements and the Heart

Vol 15, Issue 3 (2019)


FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

Dietary Supplements: Facts and Fallacies

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RECOGNITIONS

Drs. Raizner and Cooke Take the Lead in Special Issue on Supplements

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Recent Clinical Trials Shed New Light on the Cardiovascular Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Supplemental Vitamins and Minerals for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Treatment

Coenzyme Q10

Red Yeast Rice for Hypercholesterolemia

Inorganic Nitrate Supplementation for Cardiovascular Health

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplements: Helpful, Harmful, or Neutral for Cardiovascular Risk?

Cardiovascular Risk of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Advanced Cardiac Imaging for Complex Adult Congenital Heart Diseases

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Snoopy’s Heart: A Case of Complete Congenital Absence of the Pericardium

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

POINTS TO REMEMBER

The Kidney in Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease

EXCERPTA

Talking Statins with Antonio Gotto

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 2 (2018)

Article Abstract

Sepsis in a Panorama: What the Cardiovascular Physician Should Know


Article Citation:

Gotur DB. Sepsis in a Panorama: What the Cardiovascular Physician Should Know. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(2):89-100.

doi: 10.14797/mdcj-14-2-89

Abstract

Sepsis accounts for an estimated 30 million cases and 6 million deaths globally each year. According to a multidisciplinary task force convened by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection. Sepsis is a medical emergency, so much so that the World Health Organization made it a global health priority.

Since patients with cardiovascular diseases have unique risk factors for sepsis, prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical. In this regard, the sepsis-specific Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) helps clinicians identify the organ dysfunction and predict outcomes. Sepsis management is grouped into specific interventions called bundles, and completion of each bundle element is time sensitive. The U.S. Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services and some state-specific regulations have made compliance with these bundles reportable as a quality measure. The updated Surviving Sepsis Campaign Hour-1 bundle recommends that lactate measurement, blood cultures procurement, broad spectrum antibiotics administration, resuscitation with 30 mL/kg crystalloid, and vasopressor initiation for hypotension all be initiated within 1 hour of time zero, which is from the time of triage in the emergency department or from sepsis diagnosis. Septic shock is defined as hypotension with a mean arterial pressure less than 65 mm Hg, requiring vasopressors despite adequate fluid resuscitation and/or lactic acid levels above 2 mmol/L. Both fluid resuscitation and clinical re-evaluation with lactate measurement guide the fluid and vasopressor therapy. Specific guidelines exist for organ support that address mechanical ventilation, blood transfusions, vasopressor choices, and nutrition.

Keywords
sepsis , septic shock , SOFA , qSOFA , lactate , vasopressor , sepsis bundles