Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Scourge of Cardiogenic Shock

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RECOGNITIONS

Arvind Bhimaraj, MD, MPH, Guides Issue on Cardiogenic Shock

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Cardiovascular Implications of COVID-19 Infections

Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock in the Setting of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure

Acute Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock

Management of Cardiogenic Shock in a Cardiac Intensive Care Unit

Physiological Concepts of Cardiogenic Shock Using Pressure-Volume Loop Simulations: A Case-Based Review

Systems of Care in Cardiogenic Shock

CASE REPORTS See More

COVID-19: A Potential Risk Factor for Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Repair of Extent III Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm in the Presence of Aortoiliac Occlusion

Williams-Beuren Syndrome: The Role of Cardiac CT in Diagnosis

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

A T2-Weighty Discovery: Aortitis on Cardiac MRI with Histopathologic Correlation

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiogenic Shock

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 16, Issue 1 (2020)

Article Abstract

Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure


Article Citation:

Guerrero-Miranda CY, Hall SA. Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2020;16(1):22-26.

doi:

Abstract

Patients with end-stage heart failure (HF) who have failed optimal medical therapy provide a unique set of challenges compared to the more prevalent population of patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) due to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Progression from “preshock” into a refractory state of CS is associated with a dismal outcome due to difficulties with the patient’s recognition, response to interventions, and candidacy for salvage options. Challenges include heterogeneity of CS (eg, different phenotypes, etiologies, duration, acuity of onset, hemodynamics, end-organ effects), lack of a universal definition of CS that is applicable to this patient population, and blunted hemodynamic response given the patient’s prolonged compensatory state. Individuals with advanced HF in CS require a multidisciplinary team-based assessment regarding when to escalate from medical therapy into temporary mechanical circulatory support, and they need an eligibility evaluation to determine their candidacy for advanced therapy. In this review, we discuss the definition and clinical phenotypes of CS, classification of CS in advanced HF patients, the utility of temporary mechanical circulatory support, and the role of the CS team.

Keywords
cardiogenic shock , advanced heart failure , stage D heart failure , end-stage heart failure