Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Scourge of Cardiogenic Shock

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RECOGNITIONS

Arvind Bhimaraj, MD, MPH, Guides Issue on Cardiogenic Shock

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Cardiovascular Implications of COVID-19 Infections

Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock in the Setting of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure

Acute Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock

Management of Cardiogenic Shock in a Cardiac Intensive Care Unit

Physiological Concepts of Cardiogenic Shock Using Pressure-Volume Loop Simulations: A Case-Based Review

Systems of Care in Cardiogenic Shock

CASE REPORTS See More

COVID-19: A Potential Risk Factor for Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Repair of Extent III Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm in the Presence of Aortoiliac Occlusion

Williams-Beuren Syndrome: The Role of Cardiac CT in Diagnosis

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

A T2-Weighty Discovery: Aortitis on Cardiac MRI with Histopathologic Correlation

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiogenic Shock

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 16, Issue 1 (2020)

Article Abstract

Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock CME


Article Citation:

Brener MI, Rosenblum HR, Burkhoff D. Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2020;16(1):7-15.

doi:

Abstract

Cardiogenic shock (CGS) is common and highly morbid. According to the National Inpatient Sample, there are more than 100,000 cases per year, and 30-day mortality approaches 50% despite improvements in critical care practices and novel mechanical therapies targeted at restoring normal hemodynamics. This issue aims to enhance clinicians’ understanding of CGS, and this review specifically focuses on the underlying pathophysiology. We examine the definition and etiologies of CGS, approaches to risk assessment, and the pressure-volume loop framework that is the foundation for conceptualizing ventricular mechanics, ventricular-vascular interactions, and the derangements observed in CGS. This overview will also contextualize subsequent chapters that discuss nuances of CGS encountered in particular scenarios (ie, post-myocardial infraction, acutely decompensated chronic heart failure, post-cardiac surgery), address pharmacological and mechanical treatments for CGS, and review CGS in a case-based format.

Keywords
cardiogenic shock , pathogenesis , hemodynamics , pressure-volume analysis