Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Scourge of Cardiogenic Shock

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RECOGNITIONS

Arvind Bhimaraj, MD, MPH, Guides Issue on Cardiogenic Shock

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock in the Setting of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure

Acute Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock

Management of Cardiogenic Shock in a Cardiac Intensive Care Unit

Physiological Concepts of Cardiogenic Shock Using Pressure-Volume Loop Simulations: A Case-Based Review

Systems of Care in Cardiogenic Shock

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies

CASE REPORTS See More

Repair of Extent III Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm in the Presence of Aortoiliac Occlusion

Williams-Beuren Syndrome: The Role of Cardiac CT in Diagnosis

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

A T2-Weighty Discovery: Aortitis on Cardiac MRI with Histopathologic Correlation

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiogenic Shock

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 15, Issue 4 (2019)

Article Abstract

Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies


Article Citation:

Agunbiade TA, Zaghlol RY, Barac A. Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2019;15(4):250-7.

doi:

Abstract

Tumor-targeted therapies such as trastuzumab have led to significant improvements in survival of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. However, these therapies have also been associated with significant left ventricular dysfunction. The incidence of trastuzumab-induced heart failure has decreased significantly since the initial reports, in large part due to improved screening, closer monitoring for early changes in left ventricular function, and a significant decrease in the concurrent administration of anthracyclines. The mechanism of trastuzumab cardiotoxicity is still not well understood, but current knowledge suggests that ErbB2 inhibition in cardiac myocytes plays a key role. In addition to trastuzumab and other HER2-targeted agents, vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors, proteasome inhibitors, and immune checkpoint inhibitors are all additional classes of drugs used with great success in the treatment of solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. Yet these, too, have been associated with cardiac toxicity that ranges from a mild asymptomatic decrease in ejection fraction to fulminant myocarditis. In this review, we summarize the cardiotoxic effects of tumor-targeted and immunotherapies with a focus on HER2 antagonists.

Keywords
cardiotoxicity , immunotherapy , immune checkpoint inhibitors , heart failure , human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 antagonists