Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Burgeoning Field of Cardio-Oncology

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RECOGNITIONS

Barry H. Trachtenberg Leads Issue on Cardio-Oncology

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies

Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies

The Role of Cardiovascular Imaging and Serum Biomarkers in Identifying Cardiotoxicity Related to Cancer Therapeutics

Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity

Cardiovascular Toxicities of Radiation Therapy

Electrophysiologic Complications in Cancer Patients

Vascular Toxicity in Patients with Cancer: Is There a Recipe to Clarify Treatment?

Future Directions in Cardio-Oncology

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Do Not Pass Flow: Microvascular Obstruction on Cardiac Magnetic Resonance After Reinfarction Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 15, Issue 4 (2019)

Article Abstract

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies


Article Citation:

Agunbiade TA, Zaghlol RY, Barac A. Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2019;15(4):243-9.

doi:

Abstract

Anthracyclines are the cornerstone of therapy for a wide range of solid and hematologic malignancies; however, their use is limited by the risk of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity leading to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. The incidence of cardiotoxicity in the literature depends on the definition being used, anthracycline dose, duration of follow-up, and surveillance methods used to identify cardiac injury. The reported risk of clinical heart failure has been around 2% to 4% with low-dose anthracycline regimens, whereas the incidence of cardiac injury defined by an abnormal increase in cardiac biomarkers has been reported as high as 35%.

Multiple mechanisms have been proposed for anthracycline cardiotoxicity, including the deleterious effects of oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species and the inhibition of topoisomerase II beta, which leads to cardiomyocyte death. In addition, genetic susceptibility is an emerging field that is currently generating active research. The risk factors associated with anthracycline cardiotoxicity include lifetime cumulative dose, age, prior cardiac dysfunction, and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors, in particular hypertension. In this review, we summarize the incidence, mechanisms, and risk factors for anthracycline-mediated left ventricular dysfunction and discuss the role of risk stratification and early detection in patient management.

Keywords
cardiotoxicity , anthracyclines , cardiomyopathy , heart failure , topoisomerase-II beta