Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Scourge of Cardiogenic Shock

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RECOGNITIONS

Arvind Bhimaraj, MD, MPH, Guides Issue on Cardiogenic Shock

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock in the Setting of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure

Acute Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock

Management of Cardiogenic Shock in a Cardiac Intensive Care Unit

Physiological Concepts of Cardiogenic Shock Using Pressure-Volume Loop Simulations: A Case-Based Review

Systems of Care in Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock in Perioperative and Intraoperative Settings: A Team Approach

CASE REPORTS See More

Repair of Extent III Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm in the Presence of Aortoiliac Occlusion

Williams-Beuren Syndrome: The Role of Cardiac CT in Diagnosis

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

A T2-Weighty Discovery: Aortitis on Cardiac MRI with Histopathologic Correlation

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiogenic Shock

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 15, Issue 4 (2019)

Article Abstract

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies


Article Citation:

Agunbiade TA, Zaghlol RY, Barac A. Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2019;15(4):243-9.

doi:

Abstract

Anthracyclines are the cornerstone of therapy for a wide range of solid and hematologic malignancies; however, their use is limited by the risk of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity leading to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. The incidence of cardiotoxicity in the literature depends on the definition being used, anthracycline dose, duration of follow-up, and surveillance methods used to identify cardiac injury. The reported risk of clinical heart failure has been around 2% to 4% with low-dose anthracycline regimens, whereas the incidence of cardiac injury defined by an abnormal increase in cardiac biomarkers has been reported as high as 35%.

Multiple mechanisms have been proposed for anthracycline cardiotoxicity, including the deleterious effects of oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species and the inhibition of topoisomerase II beta, which leads to cardiomyocyte death. In addition, genetic susceptibility is an emerging field that is currently generating active research. The risk factors associated with anthracycline cardiotoxicity include lifetime cumulative dose, age, prior cardiac dysfunction, and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors, in particular hypertension. In this review, we summarize the incidence, mechanisms, and risk factors for anthracycline-mediated left ventricular dysfunction and discuss the role of risk stratification and early detection in patient management.

Keywords
cardiotoxicity , anthracyclines , cardiomyopathy , heart failure , topoisomerase-II beta