Methodist Journal

IN THIS ISSUE

Nutritional Supplements and the Heart

Vol 15, Issue 3 (2019)


FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

Dietary Supplements: Facts and Fallacies

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RECOGNITIONS

Drs. Raizner and Cooke Take the Lead in Special Issue on Supplements

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Recent Clinical Trials Shed New Light on the Cardiovascular Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Supplemental Vitamins and Minerals for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Treatment

Coenzyme Q10

Red Yeast Rice for Hypercholesterolemia

Inorganic Nitrate Supplementation for Cardiovascular Health

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplements: Helpful, Harmful, or Neutral for Cardiovascular Risk?

Cardiovascular Risk of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Advanced Cardiac Imaging for Complex Adult Congenital Heart Diseases

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Snoopy’s Heart: A Case of Complete Congenital Absence of the Pericardium

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

POINTS TO REMEMBER

The Kidney in Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease

EXCERPTA

Talking Statins with Antonio Gotto

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 15, Issue 2 (2019)

Article Abstract

Management of the Adult with Arterial Switch


Article Citation:

Breinholt JP, John S. Management of the Adult with Arterial Switch. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2019;15(2):133-7.

doi:

Abstract

Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is a lethal congenital heart defect in which the great arteries—the pulmonary artery and aorta—are transposed to create ventriculoarterial discordance. Corrective surgical interventions have resulted in significant improvements in morbidity and mortality for this once-fatal congenital heart defect.

The initial palliative surgery for d-TGA was the atrial switch operation, which provided physiological correction. The Mustard and Senning “atrial switch” procedures, in which an atrial baffle is created to produce a discordant atrioventricular connection on the existing discordant ventriculoarterial connection, showed preliminary success for the correction of d-TGA. However, follow-up evaluations demonstrated increasing complications from the right ventricle utilized as a systemic ventricle, resulting in progressive right ventricular dysfunction. Thus, the search continued for an anatomical correction of d-TGA to return the great arteries to their normal ventricular connections.

The arterial switch operation (ASO), though attempted and theorized by many, was first successfully performed by Dr. Jatene and colleagues in 1975. For ASO, the distal main pulmonary artery and the distal ascending aorta are transected and then anastomosed to their respective ventricles with relocation of the coronary arteries to the neoaorta. The ASO has replaced the atrial switch operation since the 1980s and is now the standard surgical correction for d-TGA.

As more patients who have undergone ASO are living into adulthood, late complications of this procedure have become more evident. The most common late postoperative complications include coronary artery stenosis, neoaortic root dilation, neoaortic insufficiency, and neopulmonic stenosis. Adults who have undergone ASO in childhood will need follow-up with surveillance imaging and evaluation of new symptoms or declining function to prevent and manage late postoperative complications. This review describes the management strategies for common late complications in patients who have undergone ASO.

Keywords
arterial switch , congenital heart disease , dextro-transposition of the great arteries , d-TGA