Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Scourge of Cardiogenic Shock

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RECOGNITIONS

Arvind Bhimaraj, MD, MPH, Guides Issue on Cardiogenic Shock

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Cardiovascular Implications of COVID-19 Infections

Pathophysiology and Advanced Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock in the Setting of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Cardiogenic Shock in Patients with Advanced Chronic Heart Failure

Acute Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock

Management of Cardiogenic Shock in a Cardiac Intensive Care Unit

Physiological Concepts of Cardiogenic Shock Using Pressure-Volume Loop Simulations: A Case-Based Review

Systems of Care in Cardiogenic Shock

CASE REPORTS See More

COVID-19: A Potential Risk Factor for Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Repair of Extent III Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm in the Presence of Aortoiliac Occlusion

Williams-Beuren Syndrome: The Role of Cardiac CT in Diagnosis

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

A T2-Weighty Discovery: Aortitis on Cardiac MRI with Histopathologic Correlation

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Acute Kidney Injury in Cardiogenic Shock

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 4 (2019)

Article Abstract

Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus


Article Citation:

Agashe S, Petak S. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy in diabetes mellitus. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(4):251-256.

doi:

Abstract

Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a severely debilitating yet underdiagnosed condition in patients with diabetes. The prevalence can range from 2.5% (based on the primary prevention cohort in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial) to as high as 90% of patients with type 1 diabetes. Clinical manifestations range from orthostasis to myocardial infarction. The diagnosis is made using multiple autonomic function tests to assess both sympathetic and parasympathetic function. The pathophysiology of CAN is complex, likely multifactorial, and not completely understood. Treatment is limited to symptomatic control of orthostatic hypotension, which is a late complication, and current strategies to reverse CAN are limited. This review explores the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and complications of CAN as well as current treatment options.

Keywords
cardiac autonomic neuropathy , diabetes , resting tachycardia , orthostatic hypotension , heart rate variability , cardiac autonomic reflex tests , CARTs , hyperglycemia , parasympathetic , cardiovagal , sympathetic , Valsalva , silent ischemia , DCCT study , EDIC study , perioperative mortality , exercise intolerance , EURODIAB study , glycosylation , reactive oxygen species , microvascular complications , diabetic neuropathy , Toronto Consensus Panel