Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Burgeoning Field of Cardio-Oncology

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RECOGNITIONS

Barry H. Trachtenberg Leads Issue on Cardio-Oncology

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies

Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies

The Role of Cardiovascular Imaging and Serum Biomarkers in Identifying Cardiotoxicity Related to Cancer Therapeutics

Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity

Cardiovascular Toxicities of Radiation Therapy

Electrophysiologic Complications in Cancer Patients

Vascular Toxicity in Patients with Cancer: Is There a Recipe to Clarify Treatment?

Future Directions in Cardio-Oncology

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Do Not Pass Flow: Microvascular Obstruction on Cardiac Magnetic Resonance After Reinfarction Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 3 (2018)

Article Abstract

Endovascular Treatment for Venous Diseases: Where are the Venous Stents?


Article Citation:

Schwein A, Georg Y, Lejay, A, Nicolini P, Hartung O, Contassot D, Thaveau F, Heim F, Chakfe N. Endovascular Treatment for Venous Diseases: Where are the Venous Stents? Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):208-213.

doi:

Abstract

There is a growing need for dedicated endovascular devices to treat pathologies affecting the venous system. However, because of a lack of research into venous diseases and treatments, the optimal design, material, and mechanical properties of venous stents remain unknown.

Development of the ideal venous stent should be based on a thorough understanding of the underlying venous pathology. There are multiple venous diseases that differ from each other depending on their location (iliocaval, superior vena cava), mechanism (thrombotic versus non-thrombotic lesions), and chronicity. Thus, it is likely that stent material, design, and features should differ according to each underlying disease.

From a mechanical point of view, the success of a venous stent hinges on its ability to resist crushing (which requires high global and local radial rigidity) and to match with the compliant implant environment (which requires high flexibility). Device oversizing, textile coverage, and drug coating are additional features that should be considered in the context of venous diseases rather than directly translated from the arterial world.

This review examines the unique forces affecting venous stents, the problems with using arterial devices to treat venous pathologies, preliminary results of a study comparing crush resistance of commercially available laser-cut stents with a novel braided stent design, and its applicability to venous interventions.

Keywords
venous disease , endovascular treatment , stent