Methodist Journal

IN THIS ISSUE

Nutritional Supplements and the Heart

Vol 15, Issue 3 (2019)


FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

Dietary Supplements: Facts and Fallacies

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RECOGNITIONS

Drs. Raizner and Cooke Take the Lead in Special Issue on Supplements

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Recent Clinical Trials Shed New Light on the Cardiovascular Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Supplemental Vitamins and Minerals for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Treatment

Coenzyme Q10

Red Yeast Rice for Hypercholesterolemia

Inorganic Nitrate Supplementation for Cardiovascular Health

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplements: Helpful, Harmful, or Neutral for Cardiovascular Risk?

Cardiovascular Risk of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Advanced Cardiac Imaging for Complex Adult Congenital Heart Diseases

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Snoopy’s Heart: A Case of Complete Congenital Absence of the Pericardium

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

POINTS TO REMEMBER

The Kidney in Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease

EXCERPTA

Talking Statins with Antonio Gotto

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 3 (2018)

Article Abstract

Mechanical Properties of Diseased Veins


Article Citation:

Vekilov DP, Grande-Allen KJ. Mechanical Properties of Diseased Veins. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):182-187.

doi:

Abstract

Extensive research exists on arterial mechanical properties and how they change in disease conditions, but substantially less is known about venous mechanics in healthy and disease states. Although the mechanics of both vessel types are determined by the unique layered composition of the vessel wall, the precise distribution of the layers differs greatly between arteries and veins. Thus, vein mechanics must be analyzed and understood independently from those of arteries. This review discusses the compositional attributes that are unique to veins, how these attributes contribute to venous mechanics, and the alterations that occur to both composition and material properties during venous thrombosis and insufficiency. In general, changes to the venous wall during thrombosis increase wall stiffness and decrease extensibility. During venous insufficiency, however, both the stiffness and the extensibility of the venous wall decrease. Characterizing these changes is essential to better understand disease progression and build vein-specific devices for treating venous disease.

Keywords
vein , mechanical properties , venous thrombosis , venous insufficiency