Methodist Journal

IN THIS ISSUE

Lipids and Lipoproteins

Vol 15, Issue 1 (2019)


FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease: Putting it All Together

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RECOGNITIONS

Guest Editors Henry Pownall and Antonio Gotto Offer Insight and Expertise on the topic of Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Cholesterol: Can’t Live With It, Can’t Live Without It

How Much Do Lipid Guidelines Help the Clinician? Reading Between the (Guide)lines

Statins: Then and Now

Poststatin Lipid Therapeutics: A Review

HDL and Reverse Cholesterol Transport Biomarkers

Revisiting Reverse Cholesterol Transport in the Context of High-Density Lipoprotein Free Cholesterol Bioavailability

High-Density Lipoprotein Subspecies in Health and Human Disease: Focus on Type 2 Diabetes

Gene Delivery in Lipid Research and Therapies

CASE REPORTS See More

Device-Related Thrombus: A Reason for Concern?

Retained Coronary Balloon Requiring Emergent Open Surgical Retrieval: An Uncommon Complication Requiring Individualized Management Strategies

Loperamide Mimicking Brugada Pattern

Reversed Pulsus Paradoxus in Right Ventricular Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Transcatheter Embolization of a Persistent Vertical Vein: A Rare Cause of Left-to-Right Shunt and Right-Sided Heart Failure

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

EXCERPTA

Talking Statins with Antonio Gotto

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Lipids and Renal Disease

EXCERPTA

Addressing the Feedback Loop Between Depression, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Disease

POINTS TO REMEMBER

The Kidney as an Endocrine Organ

EDITORIALS

Addressing the Underrepresentation of Women in Cardiology through Tangible Opportunities for Mentorship and Leadership

Vol 14, Issue 3 (2018)

Article Abstract

Mechanical Properties of Diseased Veins


Article Citation:

Vekilov DP, Grande-Allen KJ. Mechanical Properties of Diseased Veins. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):182-187.

doi:

Abstract

Extensive research exists on arterial mechanical properties and how they change in disease conditions, but substantially less is known about venous mechanics in healthy and disease states. Although the mechanics of both vessel types are determined by the unique layered composition of the vessel wall, the precise distribution of the layers differs greatly between arteries and veins. Thus, vein mechanics must be analyzed and understood independently from those of arteries. This review discusses the compositional attributes that are unique to veins, how these attributes contribute to venous mechanics, and the alterations that occur to both composition and material properties during venous thrombosis and insufficiency. In general, changes to the venous wall during thrombosis increase wall stiffness and decrease extensibility. During venous insufficiency, however, both the stiffness and the extensibility of the venous wall decrease. Characterizing these changes is essential to better understand disease progression and build vein-specific devices for treating venous disease.

Keywords
vein , mechanical properties , venous thrombosis , venous insufficiency