Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Burgeoning Field of Cardio-Oncology

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RECOGNITIONS

Barry H. Trachtenberg Leads Issue on Cardio-Oncology

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies

Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies

The Role of Cardiovascular Imaging and Serum Biomarkers in Identifying Cardiotoxicity Related to Cancer Therapeutics

Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity

Cardiovascular Toxicities of Radiation Therapy

Electrophysiologic Complications in Cancer Patients

Vascular Toxicity in Patients with Cancer: Is There a Recipe to Clarify Treatment?

Future Directions in Cardio-Oncology

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Do Not Pass Flow: Microvascular Obstruction on Cardiac Magnetic Resonance After Reinfarction Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 3 (2018)

Article Abstract

Mechanical Properties of Diseased Veins


Article Citation:

Vekilov DP, Grande-Allen KJ. Mechanical Properties of Diseased Veins. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):182-187.

doi:

Abstract

Extensive research exists on arterial mechanical properties and how they change in disease conditions, but substantially less is known about venous mechanics in healthy and disease states. Although the mechanics of both vessel types are determined by the unique layered composition of the vessel wall, the precise distribution of the layers differs greatly between arteries and veins. Thus, vein mechanics must be analyzed and understood independently from those of arteries. This review discusses the compositional attributes that are unique to veins, how these attributes contribute to venous mechanics, and the alterations that occur to both composition and material properties during venous thrombosis and insufficiency. In general, changes to the venous wall during thrombosis increase wall stiffness and decrease extensibility. During venous insufficiency, however, both the stiffness and the extensibility of the venous wall decrease. Characterizing these changes is essential to better understand disease progression and build vein-specific devices for treating venous disease.

Keywords
vein , mechanical properties , venous thrombosis , venous insufficiency