Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Burgeoning Field of Cardio-Oncology

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RECOGNITIONS

Barry H. Trachtenberg Leads Issue on Cardio-Oncology

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies

Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies

The Role of Cardiovascular Imaging and Serum Biomarkers in Identifying Cardiotoxicity Related to Cancer Therapeutics

Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity

Cardiovascular Toxicities of Radiation Therapy

Electrophysiologic Complications in Cancer Patients

Vascular Toxicity in Patients with Cancer: Is There a Recipe to Clarify Treatment?

Future Directions in Cardio-Oncology

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Do Not Pass Flow: Microvascular Obstruction on Cardiac Magnetic Resonance After Reinfarction Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 3 (2018)

Article Abstract

Venous Thrombosis and Post-Thrombotic Syndrome: From Novel Biomarkers to Biology


Article Citation:

Metz AK, Diaz JA, Obi AT, Wakefield TW, Myers DD, Henke PK. Venous Thrombosis and Post-Thrombotic Syndrome: From Novel Biomarkers to Biology. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):173-181.

doi:

Abstract

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common disease that carries serious ramifications for patients, including pulmonary embolism and post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). While standard treatment for DVT is anticoagulation, this carries an added risk of bleeding as well as increased medication monitoring. Identifying those at risk for DVT and PTS can be difficult, and current research with murine models is helping to illuminate the biologic changes associated with these two disorders. Potential novel biomarkers for improving the diagnosis of DVT and PTS include ICAM-1, P-selectin, and cell-free DNA. Inhibition of factor XI, P- and E-selectin, and neutrophil extracellular traps hold promise for novel clinical treatment of DVT. Experimental research on PTS suggests potential cellular and mediator therapy targets of TLR9, MMP-2 and-9, PAI-1, and IL-6. While many important concepts and mechanisms have been elucidated through research on DVT and PTS, more work must be done to translate experimental findings to the clinical arena. The purpose of this review is to examine the currently used murine models of DVT, biomarkers involved in the pathophysiology and diagnosis of DVT and PTS, and potential pharmacologic targets for PTS treatment.

Keywords
venous thrombosis; deep vein thrombosis; non-anticoagulant treatment; vascular biology; murine models; biomarkers; post-thrombotic syndrome