Ouriel K. Central Venous Pathologies: Treatments and Economic Impact. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):166-172.doi:
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is responsible for significant costs to society in the form of medical and surgical treatment and, importantly, unmeasurable lost work productivity due to pain and disability. Symptomatic chronic central vein obstruction, a cause of CVI, is potentially treatable using open surgical and endovascular techniques to restore vessel patency. Although upper extremity central vein obstruction often requires an open surgical procedure for durable relief, endovascular stents have proven remarkably useful for iliofemoral disease.
Containment of healthcare resources requires accurate diagnosis, durable treatment modalities, and appropriate patient selection so that therapy is targeted to those individuals most likely to benefit. In this regard, identification of appropriate lesions should be based on intravascular ultrasound and 3-dimensional imaging studies. Treatment with dedicated venous stents offers the potential for long-term symptomatic improvement and increased work productivity when used in a well-defined, anatomically appropriate population with significant, symptomatic CVI.Keywords
chronic venous insufficiency , central vein obstruction , venous stents