Methodist Journal

FEATURED GUEST EDITOR

ISSUE INTRO

The Burgeoning Field of Cardio-Oncology

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RECOGNITIONS

Barry H. Trachtenberg Leads Issue on Cardio-Oncology

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REVIEW ARTICLES See More

Heart Failure in Relation to Anthracyclines and Other Chemotherapies

Heart Failure in Relation to Tumor-Targeted Therapies and Immunotherapies

The Role of Cardiovascular Imaging and Serum Biomarkers in Identifying Cardiotoxicity Related to Cancer Therapeutics

Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity

Cardiovascular Toxicities of Radiation Therapy

Electrophysiologic Complications in Cancer Patients

Vascular Toxicity in Patients with Cancer: Is There a Recipe to Clarify Treatment?

Future Directions in Cardio-Oncology

CASE REPORTS See More

A Rare Case of Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of the Aorta and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Anomalous Origin of the Right Coronary Artery from the Left Main Coronary Artery in the Setting of Critical Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis

Simultaneous Transfemoral Mitral and Tricuspid Valve in Ring Implantation: First Case Report with Edwards Sapien 3 Valve

Uneventful Follow-Up 2 Years after Endovascular Treatment of a High Flow Iatrogenic Aortocaval Fistula Causing Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Heart Failure

MUSEUM OF HMH MULTIMODALITY IMAGING CENTER See More

Do Not Pass Flow: Microvascular Obstruction on Cardiac Magnetic Resonance After Reinfarction Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

CLINICAL PERSPECTIVES See More

EXCERPTA

Cardio-Oncology, Then and Now: An Interview with Barry Trachtenberg

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Onconephrology: An Evolving Field

POINTS TO REMEMBER

Herbal Nephropathy

EXCERPTA

Rolling the Dice on Red Yeast Rice

EDITORIALS

Letter to the Editor in Response to “Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy in Diabetes Mellitus”

Vol 14, Issue 3 (2018)

Article Abstract

Central Venous Pathologies: Treatments and Economic Impact


Article Citation:

Ouriel K. Central Venous Pathologies: Treatments and Economic Impact. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2018;14(3):166-172.

doi:

Abstract

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is responsible for significant costs to society in the form of medical and surgical treatment and, importantly, unmeasurable lost work productivity due to pain and disability. Symptomatic chronic central vein obstruction, a cause of CVI, is potentially treatable using open surgical and endovascular techniques to restore vessel patency. Although upper extremity central vein obstruction often requires an open surgical procedure for durable relief, endovascular stents have proven remarkably useful for iliofemoral disease.

Containment of healthcare resources requires accurate diagnosis, durable treatment modalities, and appropriate patient selection so that therapy is targeted to those individuals most likely to benefit. In this regard, identification of appropriate lesions should be based on intravascular ultrasound and 3-dimensional imaging studies. Treatment with dedicated venous stents offers the potential for long-term symptomatic improvement and increased work productivity when used in a well-defined, anatomically appropriate population with significant, symptomatic CVI.

Keywords
chronic venous insufficiency , central vein obstruction , venous stents